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tv   U.S. Senate  CSPAN  March 22, 2011 5:00pm-8:00pm EDT

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i said i don't get it. what are the rules in the senate. he said, oh, there's two rules in the senate. what is that? i'm going to get the inside word. exhaustion and unanimous consent. if you get the senators exhausted enough, they will unanimously agree to anything, and i said i've got it.
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>> in fact, she has some of the greatest insights i've seen both the political, the operational up sights, the international insights, and the technical, programs, and has a clear vision of the challenges we face and opportunities that missile defense provides us. under secretary of state, ms. ellen tousher is under secretary of state for arms
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control and national security. it is my pleasure to introduce her to you this afternoon. she serves as a senior adviser to the president, secretary of state for arms control, nonprorifflation and disrmerment. she chaired the house arms services seb committee on strategic forces where she was a supporter of missile defense. ladies and gentlemen, please help me welcome under secretary of state for arms control and international security under secretary ellen tousher. [applause] >> good afternoon. it's great to be back. general pat, thank you for inviting me. he's a great patriot and his
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work is a great benefit. speaking from our colleagues, pat, we appreciate your advice and very, very hard work and thank you for your patriotism and making our country safer and more secure. i have spoken at this conference for several years now. when i was in politics as a member of congress from the california's 10th congressional district, i was a member aft house arms services committee for 14 years. when the democrats took the ma senior di in november of 2006, i was the chairman of the house armed services of strategic forces subcommittee, and then i left after the election in 2008 to go into the department of state. i guess you could say this is one of those cases of no good deed goes unpunnished. [laughter] when i was in the congress, i represented, as i said, the 10th
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congressional district, the only home of two nuclear labs. i had to stick to the arms services committee and it was a great perch to not only represent my constituents, but learn a lot about these very, very important issues. these conferences are important and gives us a chance to reflect on what we have accomplished and to take a fresh look at the challenges that are going forward. nearly two years ago, the obama administration undertook a series of reviews to update and upgrade our defense plans. we conducted the alphabet soup of reviews. the npr, the vndr, the spr, space policy review, and the qdr, the qaw dren yal space
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review. this embarked on its own strategic review called the qtdr, the development review. one of the reasons that i accepted this job is that i wanted to support the obama administration's efforts to get our defense policies right. in the ballistic missile defense review, we set forth a new approach to missile defense that i had been working on as a member of congress. then as now, i want our defensive missiles to be effective and cost effective. president obama added a third component that i also agree with. the systems must be able to adapt to new threats. i know that there is a lot of partisan debate over the approach, but as a former politician, i know as well as any that policy details often get lost in the media coverage of political debates.
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it's easier for the media to write about the politics of an issue, rather than the details of policy. that's what happened at the end of last year during the debate that included missile defense over the new s.t.a.r.t. treaty. missile defense became a political football. opponents of the treaty raised all kinds of herrings, missile defense limiting scenarios, and in those scenarios were imaginative as they are false. secretary clinton said in nunich month that we have made it clear there's no restraints on missile defenses. we will do what's necessary to protect our country, allies, troops, and attacks outside of europe. not only has secretary clinton made the point, but secretary gates, general mullen, vice president biden, and president obama. i have said it before, and i'm
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going to say it again, we will continue to develop and deploy effective missile defenses and to develop a budget even in these difficult times to implement our missile defense strategy. now, let me turn to europe and russia since our plans were architecture and have gotten so much attention there. we have no more important relationship than with nato allies. that relationship continues to grow. when i first started working with relationships in 1997, the allies were skeptical to say the least, but there's been a huge change in europe's attitude and nato's attitude. i've been em -- impressed with my counterparts and discussions with them in our nato meetings by how much and
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how quickly they embraced territorial missile defense as a mission. there are a few key components to our approach applying to the ark architecture in europe. we want to protect all of euro, not just some of europe. we want our european allies and friends to buy into the european safety adapted approach, and it's not something we want to impose on them. that's just not what friends doment finally, we have started discussing potential defense cooperation between the united states and russia and nato and russia. we want russia in the missile defense tent rather than outside. last year in november in lisbon, leaders endorsed president obama's phased in approach. it makes our nato allies true partners. the plan gives our nato allies a stake in our collective security. europe is no longer just a place
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for us to stage a defense system. i know that who is speaking after me will go into that detail much more. he'll tell you that as our nato ambassador or u.s. ambassador to nato, you can find him on twitter, and i can assure you, you won't find me on twitter. [laughter] this year, we will be taking missile defense off the drawing board and putting it into action starting with the deployment of radar systems on land and mediterranean. as you know, one the our esbm ships arrived in the mediterranean this month to begin the deployment of the capable ship to support the apaa. our regional defense capabilities will consist of 26 data recenters and 107 data 3
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intercepters. poland agreed to support and their support allows the united states to base the bases closer to the iranian threat and provide missile defense in europe. these plans create a synergy and reduce the cost and burdens of a european structure. i want to talk about missile defense cooperation with russia since some think we are holding secret talks and cutting secret deals. nothing could be further from the truth. secretary gates is in russia as we speak. resetting our relationship with russia provided momentum on new developments with a new s.t.a.r.t. treaty, putting into place sanctions against iran to curb nuclear ambitions. the reset provides a path to seek an agreement on missile defense cooperation which would enhance our national security.
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missile defense cooperation with russia has the potential of enhancing capability of the phase in adapted approach. in president mendedez for reasons embraced the idea as well. if we work this out, there's a potential for a partnership that continues to move the relationship from one base on mutually assured ability, not destruction, one that enhances our collected security. russia has assets it can bring to the table like their early warning radars. there are assets we can bring to the table as well. we are eager to begin joint analysis, join in exercises, and form a early warning data for a cooperative missile defense system. we'll work together to ensure that our missile defense systems are mutually reenforcing, but in the end, nato will defend nato,
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and russia will defend russia. moving missile defense from a negative to a positive factor in our relationship could facilitate cooperation in other areas as well including talks on further reductions and strategic, nonstrategic, nondeployed nuclear weapons. reaching an agreement will not be easy and will take time. beyond europe and russia, there's challenges and tough questions ahead of us. there's more work to be done to implement new regional approaches outside of europe. we need to think through what a phase adapted approach would look like, for example, in the middle east and asia. when the various political and military dynamics are factors in, they might look different than our approach in europe. asia has their own assets and bringing different advantages to the missile defense table. we have to leverage those advantages to provide the best
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protection for the united states, our deployed troops, allies, and our partners. we also have a chance to forge closer relationships and develop more capable systems with countries like japan, france, israel, south korea, and australia. we can work with our allies and partners to upgrade their warships and to conduct missile defense operations, and we with cork with them to deploy sensors around the world to provide the data necessary for our interaccepters to take out missiles. i want to conclude with a note of reassurance. i know that the debate at home over missile defense is contentious. my former colleagues on both sides of the aisle feel passionately about the issue, and i do too, but the lesson to take away is one that should reassure our allies and send a message of resolve to those who threaten us. missile defense is a national
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and bipartisan priority and nothing is going to change that. our country and our allies and partners depend on missile defense agency, and that's why we're so appreciative of your hard work. i want to thank you very much for your time today. i want to thank you for your hard work and patriotism. i will be happy to take a few easy questions. [laughter] [applause] >> we'll screen the easy questions out for you, ma'am. given the remarks on russia, what actions are taken to calm the fear? >> i'm very optimistic that the united states and russia can reach agreement on cooperative missile defense systems. we've reached an agreement with nato as i said in november, and we need to make progress on that cooperation. we have two different channels. one is the bilateral
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relationship and the other is the nato russia counsel, and we are moving in both of those channels. secretary gates is in moscow tomorrow, and i'll meet with my russian counterparts this weekend in brussels. i was in moscow last week. as you can see, we're looking forward to moving forward on these issues. the time to move is not infinite. we have obviously great momentum from the lisbon meeting in november with our nato allies on board, a new mission for defense, and so we hope that we can come to on agreement on cooperation with the russians soon, but obviously it's important that we keep moe momentum who what we're doing. while we leave in the train in the station for the time being, it's important to act so that we can have both channels, the new russia channel and the u.s.-russia channel move forward on this defense cooperation in a
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very reasonable, but i think quick way. >> is the concept of the missile technology control regime still viable begin the deplor ration of missile technology in nonstate actors? >> well, as you know, the state department manages the and it's important to have agreement on the controls we would like to have to prevent the proliferation of these issues, but again it's important to look at president obama's position. president obama is very clear on proliferation, not for it, and very interested in strengthening on to the regimes, so we are working hard to make sure that these regimes are relevant and that we are doing everything we can to highlight the importance of preventing proliferation, especially in the missile area. >> i think one more. as concepts like the pa advance,
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are there current changes in policy to enable wider cooperative program development? >> yes. as i said, we're looking at not only the epaa, which is the corn earnstone of -- cornerstone of the architecture, but allies in asia and the middle east that are looking to leverage our capabilities, their own capabilities, their future defense system buys, and the kind of training cooperation that we want to have both on sensors and on early warning data, so i think that this is a very big basket of opportunity. i know that general o'reilly travels the world. sometimes we go to the meetings together, but i think it's safe so say that there's big future for missile defense in the world arena. we are at the lead in defense assistance, and it's very, very important that we continue to maintain that lead not only by having systems that are proven
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incapable by making the investments that make it possible for us to have that kind of cooperation. thank you. [applause] >> i kept trying to figure out what are the rules here? they don't make any sense. fine, i went to the senate and said, i don't get it. i got to rules back, what are the rules? he said there's only two rules in the senate. what is that? exhaustion and unanimous consent.
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[laughter] if you get the senators exhausted enough, they will unanimously agree to anything. [laughter] i said, i've got it.
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>> he talkses about the importance of innovation and generating ideas. his remarks are 40 minutes. [applause] >> thank you, admiral, and thank
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each of you for your interest and your time this morning. just going to see if my slides work. as a former seal, it's kind of scarry not to do a test fire first, but we'll see if they come up. all right. hooya. i'm harry and i wouldn't quite say i lead some efforts, but i'm a key effort on the team on things google is working on. internet policy is a common threat. i've done quite a few years on telecommunications, broadband policy on the hill and fcc and private sector. i had a startup working on smart grid, and i've been at google for about two and a half years now, and also from my prior
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background, i was a navy seal officer for six and a half years. first, subteam, eric olson was any first boss, and then i did counterdrug work before i went off to law school. go to the next slides. so, one of the things i talked with the admiral about was tough problems, and innovation is a really big topic, of course, but tough problems at internet speed, that's where we live at google every day, and what we talked about, what i thought might be helpful was to just share some of my thoughts on how, you know, the google approach and what's going on in the private sector could help inform some of the difficult challenges that are being faced on this tough issue of how do we do missile defense? how do we protect the nation? that is a really tough problem. i don't pretend to know as much
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as a lot of you folks, probably most of you in the room on missile defense, but what i do know is that it's amazing what we can do already, but it's never good enough. this is a common theme at google as well is you always have to move forward, always have to push. the more you do, the more you can do, and you just have to stay in there, continue to innovate, and push forward, so at google, we are known first and foremost for search, and that remaps one of our prime focuses, but we have a larger mission than that. the founders of the mission we all have is like star trek, there's a prime directive. for us it is to organize all the world's information and make it accessible and useful. how do you do things in context on a global scale at light speed
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really and to make it available when it's needed and when it counts and when it matters. we're out there pushing that, and i think you'll see the good analogy to some of the tough problems that are faced by missile defense folks. of course, it's not a tight analogy, but of course that informs is little bit. it's a big mission and tough challenge. next slide, please. so we've grown from getting started as a science project, literally. larry and seruy were reaching out to information on the web, and the web was just getting started back then, and they came up with something called back rub. who here heard about back rub or read it? all right. really ring they were -- really, they were thinking how
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do you pull down the information on the web, but need something about quality as well. you just can't search on the web pulling out anything there. it's a hard exercise to organize it and make it useful and relevant. one of the up sights was to say why don't belook at what some web pages think about other web pages. in other words, some pages have more authority than others. how to do that across the web with a computer program is what they set out to do, and they had the mathematics down, they did the science behind it, but they also actually did something amazing which is really important in the innovation space which is they did something. they actually went out, got computers, set themselves up in their dorm room at stanford, and they jumped into it, and the rest is history. they've gone -- we've gone from search to starting out in a small garage to now we have
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25,000 people around the world. we have data centers all over the world. we are possibly the largest private supercomputer in the world if you consider how everything's connected, and people use us every day just to get through their day, their lives. people turn to us, and we always have to be innovating, have better ways to be useful for people. it's not any longer just finding something on a web page. we have maps. people are going mobile, and then one of the other things that's a big trend is in addition to mobility, it's how do you get the machines themselves doing more to be predictive? to tap into artificial intelligence or machine learning if you will. these are all tough problems, and the way we try to tackle it, i think, could probably have some approaches for what's going on with missile defense. now, this is not a classified
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talk, of course, but i find myself as a navy seal officer thinking, well, there's a commercial side of this, but there's so many things we're learning about, doing things with big data, and at a huge scale that, to me, i think, this has to be being looked at internally with the military and other purposes for all aspects of our national power, and the great thing about what we do at google is we tend to be very open about things, and openness is key. we rely on open protocols. if you choose to store data with us, you can move it somewhere else if you want to, and a lot of this is discussed on the web. there's absolutely things going on with andriod, and we'll coming up with chrome-os that goes into cloud computing that i think can really benefit the government if they take a look at these things, and i know they
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are. this next slide on innovation. this is from a talk marissa meyer gave a couple months ago, but there's great points here, just things on innovation and getting a culture going within the organization. i know sometimes people feel, well, is the government sort of constrained, is there bureaucracy sometimes that keeps people from doing things they'd like to do? sometimes it's frustrating. i've been in the government before, but from my background, one thing i will say is it was as a knife vie seal officer, i felt very fortunate that that culture, the idea of innovating and the idea that you can have a great idea come from anywhere is really important, and then sharing everything you can. i know there's limits, of course, if you're talking about national defense on how far that goes, but then you have to think where is the sharing happening within organizations? the military, of course, has a
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high hierarchy structure for an important reason, but within your community how you get ideas going, and listen to the most junior person who has a good idea is very important, and that's a great tradition among navy seals is that first, anybody could have a great idea, and there's just that strong bond and you work together closely, but that respect that you have to earn, but realizing that you're on that team for a reason, so people are really important, and if you can do something to really cultivate culture, and this goes to point three, you're here for a reason, you made the team. you're on the team. let's try to harness as much as we can from everybody that's on that team. ..
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on the point about everybody participating, you also have to have data points. you have to really have to check to see if the work? and you have to find ways to actually test it and hit those data points as often as possible. it should fail early. of course, when national security is at stake, you want to go early and ahead of time and you want to have that built into the structure. you want to train the way you fight. you don't want to just obviously think that not being islam and the thought goes into how your
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team guide them in the way launched products and we do something called dogfighting, which means before we go public with some thing, we tested out internally. just to get the feedback, see if it works and get ideas about who can make it work better. this next point, creativity less constraints. this is something resonated with the world when we were talking. i like this flight because creativity obviously can't be unbounded. as i mentioned, there is a certain time you want to do creativity. it's not when you're actually fire events you do have to adapt, going to tactics, but you want to test things out ahead of time. if you're being creative, there's a great place to do that, but you also have to have deadlines. you have to have constraints on budget. you should have the opportunity to improve it, prove yourself in the works, go with it.
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also there is the difficulty of the problem itself. a lot of times the factors a challenge and if you can see someone whose entrepreneurial could realize in this organization for whatever the battlefield is to recognize they can be gory at the end of the tunnel. the light at the end of the on a train. it's a way out. if you have the paths open and allow people to go for it, the constraints will make the product a lot better than it would've been. finally, if you have users, focus on users, that is something we definitely do at google. so we think of them first. the money. the successful come after. finally for projects, some won't make it. some will not succeed. we always find something and take the lesson away from that. next slide. okay, so, a lot of times we think about innovation, military examples.
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words basic, goes back unfortunately a very long time. only the dead have seen the end of word is a way to look at it, a realistic way. but airplanes, the others started out with testing some type haddock later and said let's go for it. click here for you can actually recognize this, they motorized launch. back then worse than people who thought they were absolutely crazy. this will not work. the eventually have them thinking about hundreds and hundreds of years before, but the prevailing wisdom said this is just a waste of time. this is something that comes up with innovation is pushback. under those constraints in ways that people not only expected to fail, but sometimes they want you to feel. so you have to have that fire in the belly. you have to believe in what you're doing, put something underneath it. and that's what the wright brothers did. they made history and outlook
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displayed later when you see without actually turning two. the lord kelvin is eight years. he was a famous scientist and a set than air flying, machines are impossible. eight years later, it was done. next slide. >> einstein, great innovator. right on the same time actually the wright brothers first successful flight. he made this observation. the imagination is more important knowledge. he went on to say for knowledge is limited, whereas imagination embraces the entire world can the stimulating progress in giving birth to evolution. you have to step outside of it the prevailing wisdom is. these five of leonardo da vinci is from 1485. you have to think people when they are approaching their
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problems, because none was before. so this evolutionary idea, sometimes you have to have that leap, that start. how do you create conditions so that happens? to detect leonardo da vinci, you live in a world where they saw birds flying a benefit that if you can in the air, you must have to do with wings, right? they would not have known this thing the no-no about the speed of air over surface and how the changes pressure and not just wouldn't have been -- they didn't know it. but people kept trying. what's funny is the whole idea of the air pressure in the air service a wing and that's how the wright brothers today. now we actually see the tiny little bug. it's on the finger there. so i am fascinated with robots. i think they are cool. i think there's some very important things you should be doing with them. and this one kind of shows full circle. you've got kind of wet leonardo
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da vinci was talking about. somebody had to imagine some sketches on writers. next slide. i put some of the sites in have because they've got the audience and who here has seen this one before? what that says and chairman if i believe in horses. 1905 it's hard to tell the future. innovation is part of that says that senior date einstein had his equals mc squared and brilliant innovation that salad. even i'm tainted era that was
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going to go. i saw this story where there was the decision to chinese atomics to turn world war ii around in one of the most important turning points is that einstein had to weigh in and there is something that actually looked at the chain reaction aspects of atomics do not necessarily see them. even as a pacifist, he was important enough to weigh in on what the government did with that effort. next slide. so the future is difficult to predict, but some people get it. this is arthur clarke and he predicted of course satellite communications and specifically gps. there is a letter to her he was talking about the networks and even makes a reference to the letter to how you can have a small transmitter and even
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hunter faces they would be the size of a wristwatch that you could use. this is in the 1950s. so now, i've got to android phones. it should have a tertiary. this is the computer in my pocket. i've got, and he admits device means can tap into these immense resources computational resource in a data storage put in context onto hard problems that internet speed as fast as machines can do it. and this is something that actually arthur c. clarke saw and he mentioned that he would interesting to see what the social aspects of this would be. so we've seen some recent events that kind of play that out. people matter and these advances
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on the internet side of things can make a difference not just in the can and a canonical read if you're talking about to send enough sense of power, but can also make a really big difference on soft power. i've got three girls. a navy seal officer, but i'm the biggest feminist you'll ever meet. and i try to tell micros about it. my daughter and i have talked about technology, robots and soft power. we talk about soft power and how important it is. this is amazing. arthur clarke saw this not only the technological potential deadly favorite communications. the cisco computing. he was predict to you in one it. you hear a lot about that, by the way. some people get confused if they because they say what does it really mean? was said about? anytime you see the word cloud if you get lost, put in again and there. that's the most of it's about. the idea if you've gotten
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datastorage in resources that are out there, you can get to them. engineers of course very true cloud when you talk about the details about what the fiber optic line went in with the radio connectivity went in what was the claim that the attack to come and that's what cloud is about. one quick note on taxpayers if you can go to the next leg. so, what is really interesting is that the list mentioned in the previous slide. and they were big guys. they were really important. this goes to show you do have to be careful. that's one lesson that struck with me. instructor asked us, can you tell us what an expert is? one of us gave an answer he wasn't happy with. he set out to you at an. someone who knows everything we think they do. experts will get you killed.
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what you want to be as a professional. a professional is someone who such as icann, the realizing they were sent to keep going and nothing underscores like this quote right here. as mark twain puts it, it and what you don't know if it gets you into trouble. it's what you know for sure that just ain't so. next slide. the military knows a lot. defense industry knows a lot. all of you sitting here know a lot. you're doing it. you are doing it today and you are doing it save lives and to make sure that we can keep being the best in that we are. this quote by half arnold is really important. the idea of don't get comfortable. you can't rest on your laurels and they can't be experts. we have to be professionals. this half arnold, but there's winston churchill. winston churchill was from coal to oil.
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that changed the world. military tickets were defensive area. he had to set up structures to flow into the u.k. and they've actually gotten there just in time to have larger battleships to actually make a difference militarily to britain. another thing on energy that's really interesting. making the push for nuclear power. a lot of advances they are. next slide. i just had to but one thing in there for community. and it's really about one thing i learned i was in class 157. read 99 guys show up. we had six originals after months and months of training. read about 32 people graduate from class 157. it is funny, like the real thing that standard was grabbing ground and wanted to hold on to keep trying no matter what.
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and so, that kind of having to in the belly, holding and continuing to push forward, just having a mind that will accept any challenge, any difficulty in being fluid, but always having the push word is just something i feel very fortunate to have had a chance to learn with individuals who are still out there fighting for us. next slide. and here we come to it. okay, so this david and goliath story is really old. it is as old as history at the. how does that shall we say smaller sumo wrestler when? how does he prevail? you've probably got to innovate is what you're thinking. but there's a lot of ways to look at it, too. this would not be the time for him to innovate.
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it is a time for him to be flexible, fluid, but all of those things have to be prepared, the mindset to win. the will to win is nothing without the willingness to prepare. and so a couple things, i mean, the type et cetera different than the strategy, the church to decide maybe he could have had the money ready to tremolite us. there's all kinds of ways to look at this. whatever you can use to change the balance can't change the battlefield and actually use all the resources that you can actually summit are there. there's a great study of is the key matches came to standing before this talk. the one ranted on innovation to cover the chaco were in paraguay and my roommate from the naval academy was paraguay in, but they also did stuff with the israeli defense forces and i forget who the third-seeded list. it's interesting. a lot of times something that congressman touched on it in his
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comments. it got to remember what the other folks come and be at serious points do. we are not the only folks innovating. this is a challenge. that's why put this up here. we have constrained, be you can predict one and striking thing about the rand study was looking at the one view of what tends to drive folks to innovate. in layman's terms would he hungry for being scared or wanted to change something, actually being driven. but from the nationstate that turns a fire in the belly and you have to actually expect others to do it. what is it? how to make sure sure we capture that can apply to institutions in the sense of national defense. i know in the private sector, the way it works and always trying to make their products and to focus on our users. one way that we deal with that constraint is to really tap into creativity. next slide, please.
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so people first. it really matters what type of culture you said a. so it buco, it is a very collaborative environment. it's a nice place to work. there is a slight tear in the new york office. you've got people talking him white words with different kinds of wingback 50s when the space here for about 45 people. and yes it is a pool table in mountain view, were hit workers are in california in the bay area. he can be serious without having to suit on. so the idea of keeping people comfortable, let me know and really expecting a lot. you've got to deliver. we expect you to think me try to have this environment, food and other things. that also tends to have people talking to each other, hanging
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around. there's a chef at all of our offices. we get a free lunch. actually what they're getting on the list is sticking around, collaborating and just being in an environment where you want to talk about ideas and people are talking with each other as much as possible. so real quick, i want to shift over to looking at computers. again, back to cloud computing and what it takes to innovate and the major tools that we all have to push forward whenever if you to the next slide. it's interesting. we are laughing, although there are two ways to look at it. i laughed when i first saw it in that they are talking about a client. what about the other? actually goes down on one side, but far larger on the other side
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in the sense of what the data centers, resources, massive facilities out there on the cloud, with its google, amazon, microsoft. be someone of her data centers you think you're looking at a secure military facility. armed guards, motion detectors, all kinds of things. we've got a network around the world. and on the other side, the client-side, which is what i first on those committees that are science push forward. but now you get to the point where you can have a google data center in your pocket if you've got a smartphone. or if you have got an enabled device. ipv6 we need to move to that. that's one point dual-meet leader, but we look at detectors devices, they tout the network? this is something we are figuring out now and it's very important for google. this is cloud computing.
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if you move forward when i please. so the cloud again is just the internet. and when you move past the extraction of trying to cloud, it's destroying a lot of people. they get stuck on as a private cloud, hybrid code, a public cloud to thinking it's the internet. and what permissions are, how security works, how privacy works, as are all things mini map out what is in the cloud really matter and they cannot. and we have a free-market incentive at google to take care of those issues and protect users, but also to protect ourselves. it's also where we live. the internet is a safer place that makes it better for us and better for business. in the context of missile defense, i would imagine you've got a different issue going on. the internet is here. there's all kinds of issues with
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security and clients and yet, the internet if you think it's connected, doesn't necessarily have to be an area where that came to some client or some data center. doesn't have to be a fiber-optic line or photons. can also be a usb with legs and you have to change your concept of what time it is. it's the very sophisticated attack to win out there and underscores how you have to maybe rethink what is part of the cloud. we are past the time or you can see there's only a perimeter up, but it's a really difficult challenge your general alexander mentions this in the sense of how we have internet speed, that's really hard. the recent phrase that stuck with me they mention that the big security conference was how do we defend? it's really hard. one thing that is changing, one important thing about cloud if
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we do have storage that is much more vast and cheaper than at ever been. and so, we can connect devices and do a lot more in the cloud or acute facilities than you can do on your client device and that's the big change. html five is something businesses using. it's transparent. you can write to it. it changes the way you change your device. your device doesn't necessarily have to have as much power, computing power locally. can do more off of the network. sometimes you don't have access to the network. tough problem. so how do you use resources to locally? andersen idaho national lab's is doing something robust to make them scale up or down on the inner goodness of home base for network versus doing things locally with machine learning rai in being able to tell the
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difference. those types of challenges or a coin on the private actor as well. i'm going to move to these real quick and then were running out of time. chrome os is something we're working on. we now have 120 million people. even though it started in 2008 from whatever browser and a lot of people are using it. it's one contest on security that we didn't win again for the third year. there is no finish line cybersecurity. one approach we have for security is just to assume that the bad guys are there with us. the question is how do you make the exploits endure for a lifetime? hedy push people out? at the speed, simplicity, security. we take what we learned in the browser. next slide. the spaceflight on speed your complexity. the idea you can do more in a network unless a new machine. we are getting to a world where we think of our computers or cell phones, but your local
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device is less of a box. that's the old one. a box the poor step into, comeback in two or three years and i could be the next upgrade. it's less of a box and more of a door and that's where we are going with the future. next slide. chrome os is trying to tighten things up, some things down. we only live on the web. next slide. these are just points on the cloud. for every newcomer the updates, what you can do with cloud computing and devices that are built to work with cloud. since you have to take care that the passes yourselves, you can kea for network and there's an advantage of that on security as well. next slide. back to the network and the point about you have to have security in place. again, we always pushing forward. for doing research at google is partnering with a lot of folks on how bulimic security move forward as well?
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next slide. so chrome os is the effort you take will we learned in the browser and put it on machines. next slide. next slide. okay, so we are coming out with netflix. we are doing and trade. he continued to make advances there and innovate and now we have a lot of devices. there's a huge number of downloads going on every day. we figured we trying to play these things to netflix. we are taking the operating system and putting chrome on to the metal, so to speak. and the idea of not trusting any outcome that the idea of keynote the way. they've got advances, something called verified it that if anyone has questions, first you can search chrome os and you'd be able to find out this document because we are open. we'll try to share the information wherever we can, but i'd be happy to take questions if we have time. and then if we go to the next
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slide. again, just going to go through these go quick and let you look at them. sand boxing, process isolation. this is a really big deal. the idea of not trusting what's going on in your machine and trying to frankly take a little bit of ability to isolate privileges away from the user. someone asked, wasn't this like having mainframes? have what we come full circle to where we were a couple decades ago? the question comes up a lot. say not necessarily. one of the differences if you have a lot of information about what's going on at the local device, whatever it is. and you also have the ability for that device if you lose your comic diggity to do things on it done. we're doing a lot with flash and so the internet is not the same. you don't always have connectivity and the ability to have smarts is important. i would necessarily terminal as much as a restrained genius if you will.
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because the network knows what it doing. next slide. this is just some stuff unverified boot. each machine has two signatures. go to the next site. i'm sorry, two images. if something goes wrong with the binary or changes were doing things with the firmware to make sure that his bubble that to the user. first of all, things are rendered in a sandbox. when the 21st output of the secondary. if that doesn't work, we want to shut down. you think it's better for you to know that something is going on with the adversary being there and you need to reboot to do that is that they are fake reboot and to keep going forward. and so, on the security side, this is just an example of a lot of what we are doing at google on this cloud. next slide. again the thicker thing about cloud is that it should just work. we are trying to make this a lot easier for users. next slide.
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okay, back to open. just finishing up here, i think one of the biggest things about cloud is to look at how you could push forward with some of the tough challenges that you have in the way to be open within the community. how are you turning the way you fly, returning that cycles with machines, learning from what happened in the real world and began what's been accomplished already in missile defense astounding. any science is sufficiently advanced is indistinguishable from magic is what arthur c. clarke said. he's got three great cause. you should check them out. but that's going on, but how are using the resources? i know one of the barriers to security, concerned about how much chemical into the network? that is a tough problem that i think is job one, but there's a lot of advancements going on. i take a look with the private sector is doing. again, not the we've got everything right, but we do have
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intense motivation to try and help solve this problem and we are working on it every day. a quick note again, this serves to limit the true fathers of the internet is wilford and come that's a natural resource. he's also in d.c. a lot. he would eat me about the head and shoulders effected in -underscore ipv6 and i know there's a lot of ipv for resources available to the government, for one of the key points is about innovation. if we don't make transition now and then push forward to figure it out for me to take the tires are so on u.s. systems and really tap into security benefits, the ability to devise and devise all kinds of names that were missing an opportunity , you might be surprised. ipv6 is really critical. and finally the future, stem education. ..
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these are the jobs we need to focus on even if kids going to this we have to really push forward on math and science and we are falling behind on that. so it is a critical piece of
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this. this is where we get the future innovators, future folks who can join the fight, figured out tough problems, continue and hopefully they will want to come to the agency and joined and figure out how to push further beyond shooting the bullet. 150 miles, 17,000 per hour, something the size that is amazing. but we've got to be better. so the question is how can have this culture in place that allows people to push forward to come. a lot of it we will never know about the point is you've got to set the culture in place and we've got to realize that we shouldn't be the folks who get suppressed. thank you. [applause]
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>> you're not going to believe this but [inaudible] you talk about that, information security effort we are making making it secure from hackers and how you say it's not just part of the old argument of assessing the mainframe? unless somebody's got a different question i think he's answered them all. [laughter] again, thank you very much. [applause] >> i kept trying to figure out what are the rules? is the rules of the house cracks
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they don't make any sense and finally of into the parliamentarian's the senate and i said i don't get it, what are the rules in the senate clacks he said there are only two rules in the senate. where is that? i'm going to get the inside word. he said the exhaustion and unanimous consent. [laughter] and you get the senator six cost enough they will unanimously agree to anything and i said i've got it.
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now a technical look at missile defense with admiral marcher to the torture me see
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the director of the joint. this is 25 minutes. [applause] i just told the admiral his last comment wasn't a recommendation for him given his judgment. thank you all very much for the opportunity to speak here. i want to thank general riley the defense missile agency and aiaa inviting me to speak today and the opportunity to share some thoughts and perception on missile defense with our industry partners. this section is entitled vision of 2020 it is but i will tell you will say at the end that isn't a new vision and the answer is correct. vision of 2020 is here today and that is what we fall phase and
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active and we are going to talk about that. in today's environment we are recognizing the criticality of the missionaries and decreased and has pointed out in many areas of the world we believe it's increased. however it's also not hard to predict the level of funding is certainly not going to continue to go at a high rate and may in fact face reductions. we also face the missionary where regardless practically regardless of the funding we can't out inventory the enemy with interceptors. so we have to find solutions that will enable us to provide effective defense across a range of techniques. we are sure to succeed it will have to be a joint fight. we will not be able to do the mission alone with a stand-alone systems and we cannot afford to build an architecture on that premise. as we work through the ballistic missile defense review from the spring of 2009 to early 2010 it
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became increasingly apparent we needed to develop an approach that would account for dealing with the growing ballistic missile threat and a very complex global environment of different regions, geographies, allied and colish agreements and a potential aggressor actions and intentions. as you know the phase didactic approach was the result of our deliberations and forms the strategy and philosophy to meet those needs. the phased adaptive approach is what is driving the research and development and acquisition activities and operational planning and doctrine to the limit for regional missile defense today. it is a sycophant change in the u.s. approach to missile defense in response to the congressional direction and war fighter needs. to place more emphasis on the near-term short range threats. however it also accounts for and positions the department for an effective response to those
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threats including the emergency icbm threats. in short, it is an effective and efficient approach to missile defense the will continue over time from now through into the next decade. and i suspect beyond. there was the key concern of the war fighters during the bmp are that the p.a. may have on timing. they were concerned it might slow down the field in capability but it doesn't. it's very closely aligned with the nba plans and many cases strolls from the technology and continues to draw that technology further measures. we also like to point out the integrated test plan encompasses the fees' is and that of all the persian goods were fighters operating the new hardware scenarios. we are confident we will maintain schedule and get the capability to the contant commands the need. just to be certain let me address one misunderstanding associated with the paa and we
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will circle back on this more than once. the paa as an acquisition program or a single plan to be applied unchanged across the areas of the globe. it's a conceptual approach in some ways a strategy to providing ballistic missile defense capabilities for both of the homeland and forces, allies and partners and doing so in different regions circumstances and times. particular love the immediate not given the speaker you are of course well aware of the recent nato summit where the alliance adopted its strategic concept for nato which explicitly affirms that in the face of the proliferation of ballistic missiles which pose the real and growing threat from the-year-old atlantic area the alliance will develop the capability to defend the populations and territories against ballistic missile attacks as a core element of the collective defense. which contributes to the indivisible security of the
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alliance. that statement is a ringing endorsement of the ability and opportunity provided by the paa for missile defense in europe which leads me to another common misunderstanding they are only about europe. though of course there has been significant focus and the discussion on your it's much more than the defensive just that region. it provides the united states with enhanced capability to defend the homeland and still responds to the threats worldwide no matter where the merged. we look at it across all the different areas and responsibilities which are combatant commanders hold. it provides the flexibility to tailor the pipe and size of that response by being able to adapt to the threats and the partner capabilities and the geography of each region. that is where the evidence comes from. it's not a spiral development but its phases linked to the evidence is in our own technical and operational capabilities for
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ballistic missile defense and adapted to the trends and advances and potential lever serial threats. and again i want to emphasize its tailored to the different regions in which it is employed. the key anĂ­bal for the flexibility has been and is the structure disciplined approach to the development and fielding of the ballistic missile defense system. the missile defense agencies providing the department with an impressive array of cable systems that give the freedom to maneuver and adapt to different and changing environments and threats. to have come capitalize on the range of capabilities the joint staff has undertaken to be to undertake in the analysis to help guide the decisions on maximizing the combatant commander capability speed these analyses include both of the global force management studies and operational capabilities assessments known as the joint capability mix studies provide senior leaders with a risk relevant assessment based on
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operational plans. this is a critical effort particularly in light of the need to maximize the effect of every dollar spent. i will discuss these efforts in more detail shortly but i want to briefly returned to the paa and talk a little bit about its operational benefits. there's been some confusion over it and as i mentioned earlier there is often the assumption that it applies just to europe. over the course of the conference, and sure you will get a very thorough review of systems and capabilities so i will avoid that. but the operational benefits are much broader. it's a realignment and an enhancement of our bmds plans. the approach focuses on protecting those at risk today will continuing to improve the capability against the future threat. as was noted by congress in both 2008 and in 2009 the most pressing threat for the forces today is the increasing number
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of short-range and medium-range ballistic missiles. congress directed that we focus greater emphasis on the threat posed by those missiles three the number and types of the threats grow daily and the nation needs to find a way to deal with them. as i said earlier we cannot afford to build the number of launchers, interceptors and sensors it would take for each combat and commander to have his dedicated bmds capability. what paa provides a balanced investment and approach that has the capacity to engage the range of threats to taylor to the geography to the political circumstances, to the key devotees of the regional partners and allies and which have the flexibility to rapidly deploy more assets where needed. each of the combat commanders is and has been looking closely at how to apply this a devotees approached in his aor looking at the quantity and the types of centers launched platforms, interceptors and the command and
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control architecture which they can best use to deal with their strategic political and geographical environment. and then through the will to the u.s. strategic command as the air and missile defense integrating authority the department of defense is able to plan the doctrinal training and deployment management half is essential to achieving missile defense capability in the region building a missile defense is a blend of determining what the right technology and how much of each element is acquired and and operational terms, the courses it shortened to how much paa do we need. a simple phrase but a very complex problem. and this has to be answered in the context of the overall requirements and different aor and under different scenarios. following soon after the completion of the bmdr the joint staff and combatant commanders embarked on the examination of how to allocate and manage this new approach to the regional
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missile defense. to examine what assets are best used and we're in different areas of responsibilities and in various scenarios. from this, the notional lead down for allocation development of the bmds has projected both now and going forward these results were then compared to operational and contingency plans. that process is ongoing and in parallel with the work of the joint capability study which i will discuss momentarily, it is being used to further refine and enhance our planning for missile defense capabilities as the decade progresses to the next. as i mentioned the joint capability next studies are the methods the department has adopted to inform our planning to answer the question about how much is enough. we've been working this type of analysis for some time now. some of you will remember there were previous studies. there is a jcm1 in 2006 and a
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jcm2 in 2,007 and in 2008. the current assessment, jcm3 focuses on the requirement of the paa at the end of this decade and is just being completed. the study content is classified, so i can't discuss the results today when you may find it useful to see how we go about executing this type of study and the kind of results the will be produced. erich is examining the missile defense strategy in fuss paa conformed decisions on the numbers and the types of sensors, launchers and interceptors we require. some of the old hands remember the previous studies look at interceptors. jcm3 expanded its heart lies in to look across all the elements of the ballistic missile defense system. in order to determine the force means that this level of granularity we have to take into account how to combat commanders intend to employ them, what the threats are and generally how
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the threat may be expected to be employed. historically a lot of these types of studies make assumptions about all these factors based on what other studies have used. we chose a different path and went to the experts in each topic area. for operations and employment information such as asset laid down and shot doctrines we went to each of the combatant commands. we vista or modeling and analysis on how they plan to conduct of the operations in their area of responsibility. from the system performance we went to the experts at the missile defense agency and in order to keep the perspective we set up the joint analysis and remade the process. i'd like to talk dinham about the net zoology to the to -- methodology to talk about the assets they thought necessary to conduct missile defense and assets that had to be protected in the aor. there was followed by the lead down of the missile defense system elements required to defend those assets.
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at this point, or serious threat vignettes were run to determine which mix of shooters and sensors provided an acceptable level of defense. i have to note that we are looking for an operational -- operationally acceptable level of defense. perfect defense is not possible in the real world, so we have to understand what we need and, other military and diplomatic capabilities and conflict will allow us to prevail and bring the conflict of the conclusion. realizing that there are no absolutes in this world, the product of the analysis is what we refer to as relative risk curves rather than absolute statement of how many missiles or radars to buy a. we shall various combinations of shooters and censors versus combat command threats and defended assets and look at what number weeks through and instruct their targets and with that level acceptable or not for the combat commander or could he adjust to deal with the issue in
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a different way. we thought they provide a significant insight and when there is a diminishing return on investment. to read really get ultimately we've set of genes that produce a better result. the executed by my organization the joint integrated air and missile defense organization in conjunction with representatives from the missile defense agency, combat commanders, the servicers and elements of the department of defense including policy and the cost assessment and program evaluation. officers at the 06 level from all of these organizations have been meeting every two weeks either in person or by video teleconference through the planning, the analysis and the results. every 68 weeks a senior comprised of myself, the vice commander of the u.s. strategic command and deputy director of the missile defense agency reviewed the results and status
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and finally of record of the vice chairman of the joint chiefs of staff and the director of cade receives individual updates. with the completion of the study the results will be briefed by the requirements oversight council and missile defense executives of lord and finally the deputy secretary advisory working group for approval. we are in that phase right now and of the schedule holds it will complete this week. this is a rather laborious structure the world move quite smoothly and we found it's effective in getting combat command service system developer input. it helped keep our efforts coherent and complete as we work through the factors. as i mentioned earlier, nato has just taken the decision of ballistic missile defense as the core elements of our collective defense. the u.s. the dutch delegation for the air defense and nato i spend a significant amount of time discussing the paa with allies and friends throughout
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europe. that resonates with our allies is the fact that the u.s. hasn't been building a missile defense system in isolation. our allies are appreciative of the efforts to include them in the discussions and to explain our missile defense concept and approaches. the paa implementation as mr. bell elude it too provides the opportunity for allies and partners across the globe to participate with and alongside u.s. systems as a way to provide effective and efficient approach to missile defense that allows all participants to leverage the investment that other nations are making. as he also mentioned the first shift planned as an element of phase one of the paa the cruiser uss monterey has deployed for europe and we of the privilege of bringing the north atlantic council and the international staff on board at a visitor a week after this. she will be springing to the
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custom in the spring and summer delegating testing the processes and procedures, the communications and data are detectors and the defense planning that will enable us to continue to enhance and improve the missile defense capability for europe. before it was about to point out something often overlooked is critical for over understanding. missile defense is not an isolated mission and is not a single point solution and part of a larger campaign to maintain peace where necessary to come from that adversary. while missile defense on themselves can serve as a deterrent to potential adversaries, they cannot come should an attack occurred they are not meant to be the sole means of response. rather they will prevent an adverse five from the first wave attack and provide time for our other capabilities including offense and diplomatic actions and those of our allies and coalition partners to be brought to bear. and the fiscal environment we are living today it is important
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that the department get the most it can out of its funding. the dod is investing a significant portion of its budget in missile defense and the paa is providing the necessary framework to ensure it is invested effectively and wisely. the paa is shaping the integration networking of the systems across the services, the combatant command and allies and partners from now into the next decade which will keep us on a path to successful and effective missile defense. thank you for your attention and i look forward to any questions you may have. [applause] >> in your position how much change is required to shift the approach to the paa and what are the most significant changes? >> that's about another hour give or take. it was a very significant change. the previous approach was highly focused on the defense of the
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homeland from a very structured and focused architecture which is one of the challenges we face in the course of the review is that those are detectors did not address the regional threats toward becoming ever more apparent. and so, it was a -- i don't want to call with wrenching but it was a significant change in the direction we've put over as we say in the navy parliaments. in order to say how are you solving this problem the icbm threat is a problem but it's all this other stuff. and so we had to refocus across the department to say okay how were you going to address that you cannot completely reengineer everything you've done, so what is available and how do you take a vantage of it. it is a fascinating process as we went through it and it wasn't just dalian though it was the whole community. the combatant commanders, mda was a critical, vital and
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terribly successful member of that team and the ability to look at options to figure out how we could address these different elements but it came down to how do you address a near-term threat without giving up the responsibilities for the longer term. and so it was in the course of those discussions in saying we were not going to have the 2011 solution and then 2020 that the idea of the phase and that active -- >> along those lines have you noticed changes in the combat commanders views with regards to missile defense fighting and have those changes resulted in priority resource allocation? >> i will answer that in two ways. yes, they're has been a significant change i would say it's more of an addition as the combatant commanders as well as us over the last three years have come to understand the scope of the near-term short and
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medium-range threats to wear a lot more attention is being paid and enhancement to the operational planning and contingency planning to deal with that. we also now as a result of this have given some tools that can work with them which is the challenger earlier and if we told them to take care of the missile defense problem we would say with what? you've got to help me out here some and a great deal of the change khanna in changing the tool kit available to them. the resource decisions frankly in the missile defense world have been mainly here at the washington level. the combatant commands look closely at that. they are articulate and expressing their needs. they are aware of the fact that the toolkit general riley is building does have a finite size and that it needs to be shared so there's a lot of introduction to the budget planning process, so practically speaking the majority of the decisions are driven back here.
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>> there's two that are similar. what is the strategic vision and how does the -- >> the paa is focused on the ballistic missile defense that doesn't address the chris missile defense. in the role of the joint integrating their missile defense organization, my organization working in constance with the strategic command which is the air and missile defense integrating authority we are building a strategy and have broken a strategy and operational architecture which integrates those. it is a formal operational architecture and it's been distributed to recipients. we are in the process work with the acquisition community on developing a system architecture which will underline that, and that integrates air and missile defense to defend those designated populations, areas in the territories and forces on the face of the planet from threats arising from any
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altitude from space on down to the surface. [inaudible] >> i would say yes. the regional defense have kept pace. right now the u.s. is the only one with the intercontinental defense capability for the homeland, so that you put that aside. but yes, there is very close alignment between the planning of the european command as well as planning for nato. partially due to the structure of course the commander u.s. european command is the supreme allied commander for europe, and his designated the cc north as the bmd commander for nato and that person happens to be the commander forces europe so they are very much linked together.
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>> how would you from the japanese perspective ask for the paa capability be placed in the northeast asia since shiloh's arrival in japan in 2006? >> i would say that would be the defacto first step of the phase at active approach. we are looking at is what are the enhancements that we can provide in the northeast asia region using possibly more tippy 2 radars, a range of possibilities. i like to go back to using the analogy that from the conceptual point of view paa can be thought of as a tool box of elements that general riley and the services are providing us and it is up to the combatant commanders to figure out how best to apply that toolbox. >> this one is interesting. given the specific forced
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mission and structure the court or other specific issue construct mix make sense? >> to be honest about what is meant by the bmd court. you have the bmd acquisition or we call the defense missile agency, the combat commander, who is assigned the responsibility for global integration in the bmd capability as well as air and defense capability. i cannot see developing a separate court as in a military occupation specialty within either the services or separately. while some elements are single mission others such as the ships and patriot are most definitely not, and so i would find it very difficult time to figure out how i would divide up the responsibilities. ..
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i don't get it. what are the rules of the senate? he said there were only two rules in the senate. what is that? he said a josh and and unanimous consent. and if you get the senators exhausted enough, they will unanimously agree to anything. and i said i've got it. >> watch the woodrow wilson cannot on c-span 2.
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and marvin cobb said staff at abc news anchor, diane lawyer to talk about the future of journalism. you can see it live from the national press club starting at 8:00 p.m. eastern on our companion network, c-span. immigrant workers can now check their eligibility for employment in the u.s. three homeland security department database that can also be used to make sure government records are accurate. the system is an extension of e-verify, which authorities by companies to check the legal status of employees.
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there is homeland security secretary, janet napolitano, explaining how it will expand nation lives. >> to make an important announcement about an improvement to the e-verify system called e-verify spell check. e-verify system writ large is a tool for employers in the united states to ensure that they are employing illegal work force. we know that illegal immigration is in large part a supply and demand problem. it is spurred by the demand for illegal aliens and the fact is illegal immigration. this administration is firmly committed to addressing this monopoly. i'm the one hand, we authority taking historic action against
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employers are knowingly hire illegal labor. at the same time, however, we're also expanding and improving the interface system so that employers who are intent keen to maintain illegal work force can more easily take steps to do so. we are also making ongoing enhancements to improve e-verify's accuracy and efficiency, to enhance customer service and reduce fraud and misuse. now, e-verify sobchak is a major new development in the censors. weakening today, for the first time, individuals and by the states and the district of columbia will be able to check their unemployment eligibility status before seeking a job. this new service is voluntary, fast, free and importantly. in this first phase of the fellowship will come the users in arizona, idaho, colorado,
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mississippi, virginia and the district of columbia will have access to the e-verify spellcheck service and we will continue to bring this new service online in other states on a rolling basis as quickly possible. overall the e-verify system has proven to be very accurate. it's only getting more accurate each passing day. however, there instances where individuals because of discrepancies that the data are perhaps not work eligible. these cases are all resolved properly. no one who is eligible is prevented from doing so. but the instances where there is a disconnect between data and individual delay. e-verify subject gives individuals access to their unemployment eligibility status so they can make sure that the
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system is correct at that time. in the case of the data mismatch, it also provides them the necessary cadence to a date social security administration for dhs records. sobchak also benefit the data mismatch experience when using the time. it will decrease the amount of time and resources employers in waistband resolving. and again, mismatches are increasingly small percentage of the overall checks. importantly, we are vigilant and protect dean users personal identifiable information and prevent misuse. self-ceck rolled for more than eligibility check only on him or herself. now, self-check is one of the many improvements ths has made two easier faces and.
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and last year, uscis added the ability for u.s. passport card photographs, reducing identity theft and enhance that you verify web interface to minimize areas. it launched new initiatives, including streamlining potential cases of discrimination. establishing a hotline and producing new educational training videos that emphasize employee rates. now sub e-verify takes it out of the process by providing individuals with information before pursuing and strengthening the e-verify program and also providing individuals with the protecting of any data. now, let me turn this press conference over to alejandro mayorkas, the direct your uscis
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to friday with more information. >> thank you, secretary. thank you for being here today. we are joined by a federal partners in social security administration and the department of justice office of special account will and of course colleagues within the department of security. we at u.s. citizenship immigration ceases, although although throughout the department are inspired by secretary napolitano's leadership put the caret here of immigration laws. i would like to take this opportunity to highlight a few aspects of e-verify self-check to execute what the secretary strong support. self-check provides great service to employees and employers alike reflects commitment to continued enhancement and the already
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successful e-verify program. it provides workers with the vast and secure access to their employment eligibility information and gives them the opportunity to ensure information is accurate and that today before they seek employment. we have made every effort to ensure using sobchak is intuitive and straightforward as possible. if the user is spellcheck receives a mismatch program provides clear instructions both english and spanish on how they can correct his or her records. preventing anyone from misusing the service of the user's personal identify or the utmost importance in designing the self check with out critical safeguards to accomplish those goals. sells checks primary mechanism for preventing fraud or misuse in services and identity assurance which ensures users are who they say they are. i'll check prevents attempts to
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circumvent the service process and impostors from running a stolen identity to the service for individuals who have reported identity theft to credit eras in place for a buck on their identity. in addition, agency will monitor the service to help ensure that no one is misusing it. we believe providing workers with a secure, free and easy to use service, they will take advantage of the opportunity to confirm accuracy of employment eligibility status before they seek employment. we are proud of self check of the verify program. we are company will prove to be a valuable tool for employees and employers alike. i will now turn over to michael mayhew and also the chief architect of this new service to walk us through and interact of
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demonstration of e-verify self-check. i like to commend michael and his fantastic team for their dedication and extraordinary work in making this possible. thank you. >> thank you very much. but i would like to do at this point is what you guys do a quick demonstration of how the e-verify self-check service work so you can feel five and action. this is kind of a demo if anyone is interested in running themselves to sobchak after this press conference. to get started, this would be the website in front of the first page for e-verify self-check to post about the service, sales job avoids a benefit to you. you'll notice also on the side we have a how to use spell check know your rights, which is particularly important to us
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that the self-check knows the rights and the employer can't they can use it as informative. our commitment to privacy as we worked very closely with dhs privacy in developing the spellcheck servicing. we wanted to state our commitment to privacy to the user said they know the information is protected. an extensive questions and answers. if i was interested in using it for what it does start self-check button. you notice kind of the printing of the page has changed. we have not left uscis.gov and when on the self-check application. you have to use two terms of use and agree to those terms. this is the first step, so now you're in the application. don't notice the process graphic at the top. there's four steps. the first phase is i would have
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to give my first name, last name, date of birth and address. we would take that information, hit continue, review and confirm the information provided to make sure it wasn't going too fast to make a typo. and then the screen pops up. this is very important from our day to tell the user why we collected the information and what we're doing with that information. and most importantly committed dhs is not going to be provided the questions you're asked in the multiple-choice question. what we did if they contracted with a third party identity service to essentially tell us to authenticate and respond back to the government saying this person is good to go and enabled to check. i would hit continue and i will take the typical users have.
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okay, what i did here is the information i provided went out, was checked by a third party identity service against both public records. they found a match and from the information in the person's record will generate a knowledgebase quiz that. we rebrand the screen flips a visual cue to someone asking you questions? i would click through the answers to these particular questions and follow a typical users path. i now as you can see welcome back to be verify self check and are ready to claim your work eligibility phase of the demo. so i would enter information here, basically exactly from my form i-9. because when you're doing a e-verify check on yourself.
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do another sweep of the name and date of your in the insurance process, so this is the case that will run somebody else's information too can turn their work eligibility. he could only confirm your own work eligibility. so i would enter social security number, citizenship status, hit continue. i take the typical users path, work authorization confirmed. what happened there with the information bounced up against social security cremaster social security, my name, date of birth, social security number and has responded back to us. in the important part here is we try to make this as colloquial as possible because this is not a work authorization. this is telling them at this point in time that the information we provided was taken by your employer and run through e-verify. if i "after words" myself
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successfully, i can still get a mismatch of my status has changed, change my name. but this gives us peace of mind to the user that i was successfully go through a verified based on the information that the government has two compare favorably to what they have. the thank you very much for the opportunity to show this to you. >> we would not take questions. >> i have two questions. can you please talk in more detail how many mismatches there
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are what is the impact and they both expect to bring down -- >> just to make sure everybody heard back, what is a couple of mismatch in the e-verify program? what is our goal and what is the impact? e-verify is accurate in confirming as work out there as an individual who is in fact work authorized more than 96% of the time. of course our goal is 100% accuracy, but please remember that confirmation which is sometimes referred to as a mismatch may not your function of inaccuracies and government databases, that may affect be a function of a prospective employer or new employees failure to update government records. so for example, newly married individual who has changed his or her surname may not have
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updated that change of surname and government, which could yield. the importance of e-verify self check will give an opportunity to ascertain whether any such nonconfirmation would result from the use of e-verify and if it is in fact the result of an inaccuracy, correct the inaccuracies before a child is solved. we received -- i don't have the precise volume of e-verify self check, but we have about 1200 new employers sign up every week. we have over 850,000 work sites using a verified at over 250,000 employers using e-verify.
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if the employer is not participating in voluntary service clerks
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>> this seems to be a honda chewer improving the system. so it looks like you are going that way. the question is what is the next step for the program short term? >> in answer to your question, the man dating a e-verify requires legislative action. it is a tool to enable employers to use the lawfulness of their
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workforce. the next step in the e-verify self check program is the secretary noted as we have launched the first phase in six states and our goal is to have this program available throughout the country within 12 months. >> shone with the "washington post." i understand you are currently using the identification systems using credit check since i want to make sure person a can authorized person b's information through the e-verify self check. at the same time, it seems to be a powerful tool to detect the minute using for example a fake social security number. are there any plans to use these kind of third party verification systems regular e-verify? >> we are looking at the
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self-assurance. we don't have the legal authority to impose its obligation as the employee or employee relationship. we cannot compel employers ourselves now under our current authorities to use the self check process that employees should use the subject process. >> is uscis doing anything more concerned about the extent of social security fraud that many critics say the verify system is liable to? >> we certainly are one of the key developments you achieve the past year in 2010 was the availability of passport photo identification to address and combat identity fraud and that is a continual effort on our part. the event by coping with fox news. madame secretary i can ask you a quick question.
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do you consider that sort of a new vulnerability that dhs and what is dhs doing to address the problem both with private companies and the government? >> we've been heavily involved in the rsa matter for a number of days now. and that has been at several letters. across the federal government with respect to any breaches there that were rsa related make you sure those are repaired and also intersecting with private or infrastructure. we've been using our u.s. capability with which it do that and having a number of other interactions over the course over the past week with respect to rsa. i think what we are seeing there is what we are seeing now and it's just an analyst ration of
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the ever evolving nature of threat that we have to adapt to come a deal with and get ahead of. and that is of course the cyberthreat right now. with respect to rsa, the extent of that. >> nicholas with the cme special. i'm in secretary, do you think the federal government should take legal action against utah for preempting federal government in passing immigration laws, one of which authorizes a guestworker program? >> that's a question for the attorney general as you well know. the frustration department of justice is taking legal action against arizona on 1070 with respect to that principle. the method to the department of justice. >> mary kelley with the arizona republic. i have a question.
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he said one of the purposes it be to protect employees from employer discrimination. what kind of discrimination are you talking about? ipi cases where players use the e-verify and indiscriminate way? >> employers can misuse e-verify by actually checking the employment eligibility of an individual before the individual has been hired eared you can well imagine the discriminatory impact of that. e-verify is to be used for individuals who recently have been hired by an employee or an if in fact there is a tentative nonconfirmation with respect to that employee's eligibility, the employee has eight business days within which to resolve that. the e-verify sobchak will alleviate the burden on the employee of the sin the employee
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can ensure that his or her work authorization is confirmed upon the use of e-verify before the date they business. is triggered and it pours it alleviates the burden from the employer of the uncertainty at that time. >> thank you all very much. >> thank you. much. [inaudible conversations] >> and i kept trying to figure out, what are the rules here? is the weschler's rules of the house? that don't make any sense. finally went to parliament terri
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and said i don't get it. i mean, what are the rules of the senate? he said there's only two rules in the senate. what is that? he said exhaustion unanimous consent. and if you get the senators exhausted enough, they'll unanimously agree to anything. and i said i've got it. >> watch the woodrow wilson center reform at 8:00 p.m. eastern on c-span 2. ..
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for more information about the national press club we would invite you to visit our web site at www.press.org and programs offered to the public and national journalism letter you can find that information on the website. on behalf of the members worldwide i'd like to welcome our speaker and those of you attending today's events our head table guests include guests of the speaker as well as working journalists for club members, and if you hear applause in the audience we note members of the general public are attending so it's not necessarily evidence of a lack of journalistic object devotee. i would also like to welcome our c-span and public radio audiences and the member produced weekly podcast from the national press club and you can also follow the action on twittered using the cash tag #npclunch. we'll have q&a and i velazquez many questions as time permits. now it's time to introduce the head table guest and i would ask
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each of you on the table to stand up briefly as your name is announced and we would begin from your right. dana ritter white house producer for cbs news, and i'm told the second base and on the and pc softball team. i don't know if it is only the softball team in a den vince because mike of public affairs communications consultant and first base so you have the double play combination in place. we have that friedman one of my colleagues of associated press as an online video producer and a new member. welcome. markets managing editor for public safety communications. spencer joint, harry's got some freshman at georgetown university and a guest of the speaker. john is an anchor reporter for the westwood one networks. david korn washington bureau chief for mother jones and with analyst nbc and also guest of the speaker. skipping over the podium for a
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moment melissa upnews media chair of the speaker's committee. we will skip over the speaker, the communications consultant and speaker committee member who organized today's event. bill snyder former cnn political analyst and teaching public policy of george mason university guest of the speaker and also with third way which is the washington think-tank. tim young is a journalist and himself working comedian. he's the chair of the national press club young members committee that he is leading very well. rachel raise the u.s. television reviewer for the daily telegraph of london and charlie clark and another member of the press club senior correspondent with government executive magazine and now how about a round of applause. [applause] >> those of you familiar with the luncheon speaker series of the national press club probably know the format calls for this
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to run about an hour in length. this is particularly difficult and challenging today for the simple reason getting through the proper introduction of the speaker, reviewing all of his accomplishments, accolades and activities could probably take up the entire hour, but that would be not what you are here for. our guest is an actor known for among other things the character voices for the simpsons including mr. burns, smothers and principal skinner and a regular cast member on saturday night live and many credits include the right stuff, the truman show, spinal tap and the mighty wind among others. he and author, director, a musician, radio host, please write and record label owner. los angeles native who began his acting career during his childhood making appearances on the jack program. it was then he got to know the great mel blanc who did a few voices in his day as well. he appeared on the pilot of leave it to beaver and the role but was essentially morphed into that if eddie haskell.
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[laughter] [applause] >> true story. a lot of applause on that. very well. for the past few years he's been writing about the causes and aftermath of the 2005 new orleans flood and this subject and others he's a regular contributor to the huffingtonpost.com and also made a feature-length documentary titled the big uneasy. i was fortunate enough to meet him last fall during the screening of the movie at home and that is when we discussed having him here today. before that, some of the stories titled crescent city stories told about the hurricane aftermath online video or very compelling. they are still there. you can see them on the web site, mydamnchannel. he's focused on the media handling of the katrina story. as some of you know one of my priorities this year is to use the luncheon series to focus more on journalism. that's something we did a week ago with vivian schiller who at the time was the head of the national public radio.
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while some of the subjects we are going to discuss the serious themes i know we're looking forward to enjoying the sense of multifaceted sense of humor that is one of the gifts the guest speaker has been blessed with please give a warm national press club welcome please welcome harry. [applause] >> good morning, good afternoon central time. i'm honored and delighted to have been invited here of the national press club today. in fact, just to get this out of the way at the top, i venture to say this whole location is "excellent." [laughter] indolent to pledge unlike another recent guest at the podium, nothing i say today will be contradicted by one of my execs in today's in the video
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sting. [laughter] mainly because i have no executives. all right. i have ripped off from rupert murdoch and vivian schiller and week and get down to the business at hand. first i want to see as a new orleanan my heart goes out to people of japan. we know a little bit about what you're going through right now. ladies and gentlemen, as much as i was be which can be cited by comedy at an early age was also fascinated and seduced by journalism. i remember at age five or whenever it was my parents had blunt little scissors collecting matt heads for all the different sections of the daily papers we subscribe to. the main criterion for which was which of your papers in l.a. were still publishing and warrant the times. when my moment came to be interviewed on tv by art linker i confess my habit of making my parents took me to the out of town is stand in hollywood
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whenever possible, and for years our mailbox was filled with dailies from fergus falls minnesota and other far-flung locales. a couple days late but it didn't matter. when i entered college at the age of 15 by first stop was the option of the student newspaper were again that as a senior member. thank you. [laughter] our only source of income at the publication was the job of putting the paper to bed at night which involved working in a noisy print shop where the entire staff accept comprised of what we used to call deaf mutes. my chance of the editor-in-chief role was ruined by my refusal to disclose to the student council the identity of an anonymous credit student whose gentle satire and fraternity life i would run on the op-ed page ai was suspected of being antigreek. [laughter] i watched cbs reports and david brinkley report and i listened to bbc world service and the refitting of radio reporting on
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the hungarian revolution, riveted and moved by the dying out of the voices calling for help. i was and still am a news junkie. this is all by way of explaining what i am about to say comes not from hatred of journalism but love of it. i have had zero nasty news stories about me. the only time i was a niquette tablet involving sex it was all benign and all true. and details on request. in short no way am i here to bring the poor celebrity drum. i spent much of my youth around journalism and journalists. i like their smarts and dark sense of humor and you are right here, about 100 paragraphs of but. in my youth i worked while at the l.a. bureau of "newsweek" i know, i'm completing journalism and newsweek but give me a break. [laughter]
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parenthetically you noticed a recently listed my adopted home town of new orleans as america's number one by teeing city. i'm proud to report new orleans has reciprocated honoring "newsweek" as the nation's number one magazine. [laughter] but back to the story. one day while i was working there got a call from the life and leisure editor of new york asking for it sells from heroes of the country of what he called rooftop living. clearly this fellow had returned to his 53rd floor office after a somewhat nebulous launch. [laughter] steered out the window, noticed potted plants on the roof tops and sniffed out the trend. [laughter] trends are what people like the life and leisure editor have to sniff out before the start to be listed our early on twitter. so i do difficult the dean of the helicopter traffic reporters captain max push told me the obvious. some, l.a. has plenty of land.
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nobody needs to put anything on the roof. there's a couple exceptions including the guy john to install a swimming pool and a greek columns on the roof of his office building on the sunset strip so i interviewed him, wrote it up leading my file with the cautionary note that this behavior was exceptional in l.a. and went off to cover the space shot. a few days later i got the version of the full rooftop living story from new york. the paragraph with my clothes began. typically cutting edge, lala land with rooftop living. [laughter] in those days virgin was one of their favorite words. lala land was commonly unforgivable usage. anyway i called a fact checker to remind her of my cautionary note. l.a. i said was filled with rooftop living.
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following monday the story appeared in the magazine and lala landstuhl burgeoned. i used to tell the anecdotes just out of simple amusement at the real story conceived of new york became a complete and we reporters on the ground were basically machines to fill in the blanks. nowadays it seems the behavior has if anything spread too far more serious parts of the news hole and the life and leisure section. and with apologies it is burgeoning there. i should point out a press release says i'm accusing the media of myth making today. i am saying something a bit different. they are manufactured out of the whole cloth. what i'm calling the template is based on facts. some facts of partial collections. the first dusting. it then becomes adopted as the narrative the mental doors locked shut and no further are
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allowed in. and the new yorker in january reporting on the laconic story in the image of the iraq war the toppling of saddam hussein statute. the recollection of reporters and photographers in baghdad who kept trying to sell new york editors and producers on the idea of turning around and looking away from this. seeing the crowd of perhaps 300 people in the square watching u.s. marines doing most of the toppling. new york wanted none of it. the iconic image was the story and any reporting and photography which undercut its salience was less than on welcomed. quote, the visual eco chamber developed. rather than encouraging reporters to find the news, editors urged them to report what was on tv. and of quote. he quotes the npr reporter in baghdad and oral history was
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published by the columbia journalism review and she recalled telling editors they were getting the story wrong. there were so few people trying to put on the statute the can't do it themselves. many people were just standing hoping for the best but they were not julius. they also quote a news photographer garrey night. he talked with one of his editors on the satellite phone. the editor watching on tv asked why he wasn't taking pictures. he replied few of iraqis were involved and of the ones who did seem to be doing so for the benefit of the photographers. it was a show. the editor told him get off the phone and start taking pictures. the past few months we've seen something similar with regard to the state department leaks. a stable written about the matter is the assertion that it's come to a million cables on the public record. it's become the mean, the cliche of the travesty of the farce and those who cannot count will
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attest is as wildly counterfactual. last i looked it was less than 5% of the cable provided to the web site that had actually been published and your figures made very slightly, but that is at best a microfilm. yet the data dump has become the template and whether you admire or despise julian assange your story is probably going to include it if not when you're finished it then when your editor or producer is. then there's the matter of katrina. as noted earlier i am an adopted new orleanan. in the spiral it appeared on the maps of mexico it was a los angeles preparing to appear in a comedy film, for your consideration on the dvd now. [laughter] got to do it. but every spare moment when your acting in a film most of your moments or spare. i was glued to television, the internet, my own sources of power in the news, google
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earthing my home conference to make sure they receive. the day after the movie draft i flew into a town were the only vehicles on the streets were humvees, the sidewalks were lined with tens of thousands of thrown out refrigerators and there was a to live along city blocks wide three stories tall mountain of flat to doherty on a median of the main boulevard in the once fashionable neighborhood. hot water had just been restored to the french quarter, daily e-mail service was months away. the weeks that followed the local newspapers and tv news broadcasts and radio talk shows or understandably focused on every detail of the city's near destruction. and so they were filled with among other things constantly updated findings from two independent scientific investigations into the catastrophic flooding of new orleans. you probably remember the old post katrina proclamations that cnn and nbc and god knows who
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else were establishing bureaus of new orleans and the people assigned to those were i assure good folks, people who may have seemed unimaginable distress and pour in the modern welcome almost modern american city. why then were the correspondence unwilling or unable to pass on what we were seeing in our local media confirmed beyond dispute when the two investigations released their final reports of concluding the flooding of new orleans wasn't a natural disaster but a massive man-made engineering failure the greatest by the way the pulitzer people notice the one to prices for the coverage much of which focused on the findings. as an answer in my own question. editors and producers sold ominous spiral. they solve hurricane slammed into coastal mississippi where katrina undeniably did damage. these all the windows blown and
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then they saw the new orleans flood. and they saw as everybody except president bush the video of the crowds of the dome and the convention. they put those first facts together and a template was born. big storm, city below sea level and black victims. almost nobody that covered katrina was from or familiar with the peculiar geography of new orleans. i realized that on day one when i saw the reporter ron gerard st in the district beginning a stand up with the words i hear and the french quarter. [laughter] which then now was a quarter mile away. logistics had its own allure, the convention center and the dome with a short drive from the offering of interstate ten. the largely flooded lake view in chantilly and brought more neighborhood, the one majority white, the others racially mixed or farther away, spread out over
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the confusing grade where parallel streets intersect. further still the eastern suburban counties and bernard parish had its entire housing stock 100% flooded out. the working-class residents on the roof for four days without food and water in the searing heat but strangers didn't know where saint bernard was or how to get their. if they even knew it existed. so the people on the roof and st. bernard never were on television. sea level, dr. richard campanile did in excess of study and released the study's two years after the disaster. even now, half of populated new orleans that excludes the wildlife refuge in city limits is at or above sea level. areas that flooded into tawes and fight or below, above and at sea level. the sea level didn't determine whether you still had a home or pile of debris and perhaps with drowned parent in the bad. the protection was maximum
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distance from the structures from the hurricane protection system. okay, to the cause of the flooding. those investigations had by eminent scientists and engineers reached strikingly similar conclusions, pervasive design and construction falls over four and a half decades of the administration of both political parties in that so-called hurricane protection system mandated by congress and assembled under the exclusive jurisdiction and control of the u.s. army corps of engineers. haditha system been confidently put together one of the authors from uc-berkeley said the results of katrina and new orleans would have been quite different. quote, wet ankles. by the time these facts from the public record the strangers long since moved on. the correspondence in the new orleans bureau will busy covering stories in houston and birmingham and miami as of the new orleans bureau was just the
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atlanta bureau downsize and moved to the lower neighborhood. and the template hardened into a granite low and editors and producers ranks. i asked brian williams won despite his obvious concern for the city is the worst still didn't know why new orleans flooded. we think the emotional stories are compelling for the audience. the body is towards the stories is as old of william randolph hearst hard on for an actress. [laughter] the tendency of the template for the facts even when the facts as in the case of the statute toppling and flooding come from your own correspondence and eminent independent authorities when the facts don't even require extensive investigations but merely pay attention to the
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public record it's only increasing in the face of deadly deadlines. degette and the story for very long and when you come back as if it did to new orleans for the anniversary last fall there is no corporate institutional ego involved in defending the template against the assault of new information. after all, the network's cable and broadcast bragged about the ballsiness of the coverage. anderson cooper actually wasting your in senator mary landrieu's face exactly how do you go about retracting a boast? this will be interesting fodder except for the cjr for more than also powerful in shaping public understanding of major events. the notion that thousands from baghdad for toppling the stature of the tyrant served as the metaphor for the at administration claim that the invaders would be greeted as liberators by the time everyone
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realized the mistake a little insurgency was going on. the template version of the new orleans doherty a man-made disaster transformed and marginalized as the weather even happening down there in that wacky corrupt town and mainly victimizing poor black people and a red lettering of political will to tackle the real problem before the creator of the disaster the unreconstructed army corps of engineers had been handed $14 billion to a bigger version of the system that we are learning some of the same false. it's interesting to note in that context no offical or engineer with in the army corps suffered any negative consequences not even so much as a month of docked pay for causing the disaster but the head of two independent investigations and inside the court have very unpleasant consequences for standing up and being the only
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truth tellers. as republicans used to say during the clinton, that's a good lesson for the children. and of course the template forged in this country and understanding around the world no less than the bbc world service centers in the future on the reform of the new orleans police of this year led with a sentence that said hurricane katrina in new orleans. is it in the e-mail advising him them of the weakness of the land which two weeks later they ran on the bbc domestic radio network and in that intro hurricane katrina torturo new orleans. must have been the rooftop living. the good news of what i am saying is i think the usual debate about mainstream coverage can as the practitioners assume be dismissed as moot. there are political pressures and liberals are available, the media owners are not, so vaguely conservative. the far more pervasive by a cs i suggest, those of logistics,
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parachuting in and asking the cabdrivers what is the mood here? and of the templates formed in the far away offices are subtle and far more intractable. the fact after role isn't every fact, and it probably can't ever be. a brief digression. a few months ago this the department source talked to "the washington post" about the problem of coping with corruption afghanistan. he complained of the endemic attitude of what he called the culture of impunity. when i made my document tray with the flooding of new orleans what i found is the u.s. corps of engineers that undergoes new meaningful congressional or outside oversight so it tends to repeat its mistakes always at a higher price point. i can to conclude the corps operates in its own culture and unity. now back to the topics. journalists don't always shrink from criticizing their colleagues for the commission, to words, judy muller. [laughter]
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but the sins of omission is filtering of fact that interfere with of the narrative of the template they've adopted are called by colleagues. he needed a pro public to fund his reporting on the saddam statute toppling. the revenues for a repetition of the store they were seen on tv as culpable for misleading the country about the war as judy muller and i had to cover from the comedy world to tell the story would have been the new orleans, anderson cooper still exists to the consensus, so where's the accountability. if i understand the system correctly the readers and viewers are supposed to vote with their dollars and remotes for the superior sources of information, market forces at work. so that means the very people whom the template robs the information are somehow supposed to know what they have been deprived of and to enforce market discipline against the editors and producers
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responsible. you know that sounds like to me? a culture of impunity. and now i take off my scrubs and reflector and i don't even play one on tv. i do play an insanely greedy manipulator with major media interests, but that doesn't seem relevant. [laughter] returning to the medical metaphor maybe i can diagnose directly i sure can't prescribe. if you ask me what i would suggest to solve the situation i've outlined let me point out that except for certain lapses into magazine writing a documentary filmmaking i chose to leave journalism several years ago. that was my solution to the problem. something tells me it probably won't work systemwide. after that larger situation i do want to conclude these remarks with a cogent three word suggestion, "release of the house." thank you very much.
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[laughter] [applause] >> thank you. a few questions from the audience as well as maybe a few that i would you guys on my own and we hope to have a pleasant of the two and transparency offered for you. early this morning i was sent an e-mail that alerted me "the washington post" story that wasn't a set for today's speech put some things in context particularly with respect to the timeline and it talks about you going to capitol hill to do the legislative piece i guess. could you talk about what that involves and what your hopes are and what kind of reception either you've had in the past were talking about as i describe i think decommissioning the army corps of engineers. >> decommissioning is what you do with nuclear plants and not the federal agency and you need
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guys with masks. this is a first. you know, i'm not a lobbyist, not an activist, and a pacifist, not a pacifist, passivist. i like to sit at home and watch tv. [laughter] i have people arranging meetings with me on the hill. we explain in the movie those who study the court far more than i am putting a wonderful journalist who used to work in the town is now a miami michael grunwald, a fabulous life part series in the post in 2000 on the core. the course the creature of congress. it is the way it is because congress liked it that way. the court in its civil projects in this country and not its military projects is basically a year marked driven institution. so congressman appropriate for a specific project. coincidentally in their
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district, and the core bills then and is now hollowed out to the extent they don't do most of their own work. so private contractors are engaged so you have this sort of odierno try ingalls contractors who give money to elect congressmen and they get corps contracts of reduce heavy except the recipients of the projects. me personally, i'm delighted to go to the hill and talked to members of the personal opinion of a guy from the comedy world i don't think anything is going to change until serious effort is expended by the executive branch. >> so your documentary has been out about five months, something like that? >> it was shown first one night and now it's really out >> the substance of that material has been released to the public and now i guess you're going to engage screenings around the country. what kind of attraction do you feel essentially this thesis has
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been gaining? >> close to the vanishing point so far because of what i was talking about in my remarks, the major media can to new orleans. we were there. talk to us we have an interesting story for you. the other side of what you've been reporting the last five years. few of them took the bate. brawling in kindly made the remark in passing on the panel would meet the press about the film but didn't say much about what became. katydid nothing, diane did nothing, npr did nothing. goodbye, david. cbs did a nice piece on need to know and that's about it. we are trying to get attention. this is about changing the country's awareness of what happened through the american city and also this is not just a
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new orleans it is the report on the film. the court doesn't single out new orleans for special treatment. they do a little bit, but the court district is worse than most but there's more than 100 cities in the country where the core has led the systems protecting them. several of them know they are in trouble. dallas -- tiffin told that there levies are built and sacramento california it's well known inside the court if not the area that the levee system is not in the greatest shape and course sacramento the entire water system so it's going to be a big story when that happens i would make your plane reservations now. >> so someone here is asking who are the reporters you add my year and respect of covered new orleans if there is one they are putting in and who and what news organizations are getting it right poses the question.
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>> i think john schwartz has done good work in new orleans. at the ap from time to time has some good stuff. mark and john of times picayune, they won the pulitzers and that is the gold standard for me. there is also a local newspaper weekly in new orleans that does good work. >> so you talked a little bit about, and the movie i think depicts this, how congress isn't in the way you view it set up to act as the appropriate intermediary for the american people and policing the problem. what about local and state officials in new orleans and louisianan? we hosted governor jindal a couple of years ago and he was certainly very local. i recall after the bp oil spill
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about some steps he thought should be done. what is your view of how locals view the problem and what should be done? >> he got a good time didn't he? the problem is locals can scream and shout but the core has exclusive jurisdiction and was given by the congress that congress demanded the building of the system after hurricane betsy. the corps had something else going for it in 27 congress passed the flood control act which gives blanket immunity from any legal consequences of flood control projects that it's built. that's why there hasn't been the race to the courtroom following the flooding of new orleans because in most cases lawsuits have been thrown out because the core has blanket immunity. there was only one case that has receded. interestingly there's been a little bit about it in the national press i think both the
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times and post wrote about the verdict when it came down. the federal judge ruled on hundred 50 page opinion that course was criminally negligent by failing to maintain a navigation canals that built the mississippi river to the was responsible for the majority of the flooding in the saint bernard parish on the lower ninth ward. that came to trial because that was the navigation project and wasn't covered by the flood control act. >> i forget what the question was to rely wandered away. >> the responsiveness of locals. >> yeah, yeah. they scream and shout. i should say given the amount of the obloquy, thank you very much, that has come new orleans way in the wake of the disaster a remarkable amount of civic action in the post flout period in new orleans. people of new orleans reformed the levee districts and reform the tax officers and the district attorney's office and
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did a lot of the heavy lifting to reform the city government. that's what they could do. they couldn't make the core just to take 1x ebal impose effective safety that is engineering speak for caution on the urban of levee system that was as high as the factors safety the corn uses for their programs. that the corps has a much lower factor safety for the levee system that's supposed to protecting a major metropolitan area for the dam in the middle of nowhere nothing we can do about that from the local level. >> is a specific question about the court and then this ? joyce lee ms. moore but this particular subject i and i am able to. >> what you think in the work of channeling the mississippi river? >> you know, the channeling of the mississippi river is almost
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a classic corps success story because in terms of the task they set for themselves, they accomplished it really well. the mississippi river levees have never failed at least in new orleans, they've been great and new orleans. it's done what they set out to do. it is a classic war success story in that there have been untold, unintended negative consequences that the core has been either oblivious to work late to a life. so flexible when you live via the mississippi river, you prevent it from flooding. well, that is a good thing. but the flooding of the mississippi river distributed every spring flood water and sentiment over the delta building the coast with land of louisiana, the most for a while home for seafood and other
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creatures of the environment of the entire north american continent. when you live either river you begin starving the wetlands and the begin shrinking and you have the first ingredient in the long term slow-motion disaster to the entel in southern louisiana. the erosion of the coastal wetlands. why is that important aside from if you like shrimp? every mile of the wetlands between the gulf of mexico and the city of new orleans backs down the hurricane ferocity by the known quantity. the wind coming over the water pick up energy as the wind goes over the land they lose energy. we lose the wetlands and one of our major protections. >> the questionnaire asks how has the local new orleans community responded to the documentary? >> it wasn't a for new orleans. i assume people of new orleans' new this stuff, so i was startled. the picture was supposed to play
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for one night and it leave for weeks and the major local radio talk-show host lysol him watching the movie the first night and she couldn't sit down steam was coming out of his years. he said you're going to be on tomorrow of the whole three hours everybody has to see this movie. people have been startled life and. they didn't know the story of the whistle-blower. new orleans story didn't cover her but they do their best. it was in the day to day trips and drafts. and nobody had ever before, and put it together into a 90 minute package and in a way i felt badly because last year was the first year of what everybody around town thought of as the post-katrina period. we've gotten over the post-katrina period and are now in the new era. we had the new mayor, the saints won the super bowl, the city was almost levitating until this bill and now i come along and say by the way we are not as
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safe as we think we are. >> this person says, and this is writing in the first person i truly appreciate your informed opinions and stands on the new orleans media, but do you feel that more or let's say few were celebrities should be voicing their opinions on issues of the day and i guess that gets to the question of if you look at the news media in general it could ask the broad question of to think it is fixated on entertainment too much as well? >> charlie sheen, charlie sheen, charlie sheen, charlie sheen, charlie sheen. [laughter] charlie sheen, charlie sheen. [laughter] >> thank you. [applause] charlie sheen, charlie sheen -- we could go on that way the rest of the hour. look, i'm very careful. i was scared when i made the documentary because the guy from
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the simpsons talking to me about engineering? really? i need to pay to see that? so what i say is not my opinion. i have no opinion. i have no basis for forming the opinion. i go to the people in the movie and in my life who know what they are talking about all the leaders of the two investigations, the whistle-blower, the author of the rising tide, the seminal book on the 1927 flood. i pay attention to what they say and i try to distill it so i can understand and when somebody asks me a question that's basically what you get. the building by what fastest past was the engineering building for god sakes lest something ruboff. but the good news is that these people i mentioned who are in the film and in my life to some extent are really good communicators and teachers and they've made it clear to me and comprehensible to me i can turnaround and i'm not an
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opinion later on in the passer through. as to celebrities i think other celebrities are on like anybody else if it seems like they know what you're talking about the should be in the public sphere and maybe have a moment of attention. if they seem like they are crazy and out of control and don't know what the talking about the should get hours of prime time coverage. [laughter] >> i did catch the radio but i think last week you said it's more interesting to hear crazy people than seen people. >> we didn't invent this, the english did. they charged money to see the crazy people so we are the same. >> the next question as a follow-up to the last one asks are you concerned about any potential repercussions about taking up the political stance, and i suppose on the receptivity of the audience for the entertainment work >> well, the simpsons kind of it's on its own, i don't think i
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am hurting it by doing this. i hope not. i try to make what i'm doing in this context non-political in the sense, non-partisan because i think both parties bear the responsibility that haven't. both parties are now -- presidents of both parties have now clearly sent a signal that they are not when to lift a finger to prevent what happened from happening again so it's easy for me to say don't once i get mad at me because i'm not picking on you. i think one reason and i am speculating here so this is you can ignore this as comedian opinion one reason the story but new orleans, aside from the habit of mine that i pointed out in my talk hasn't gotten the traction it might have is the
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very fact that both parties have their or in this water. neither side gets any political juice out of saying it's their fault and that's what makes the system go both politically and journalistically. you can't get a democrat and republican to argue on the cable news that it's your fault, no, it's your fault, it's both your fault and they would rather just talk about something else. >> so you are doing this is essentially the tour on the movie. tell us where that will be and how long until that is released on dvd. >> we are going around the country it opened in dallas on friday night and i got to sit in the seat that lee harvey also called sat when he was arrested, so my butt as part of history and it's in the texas theater all week and then we are opening around the country throughout the spring and early summer.
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thebiguneasy.com has a list of where it is showing around the country and then we will make a and bod -- all of those initials, and there will be out on the online and maybe even on a cable if they have room for it although hbo said we have done new orleans. >> obviously people want to talk about your creative work a little bit. i will have you talk about that a little bit. one person says you have said you think the some sense his declined in quality. could you just address that. is that true obviously some have opposed it better than others. where does it stand now? >> there was a private communication. [laughter] the was leaked to the new york post owned by rupert murdoch who also owns the simpsons. in advance of a salary
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renegotiation. it's a wonderful show. i love being part of it. >> how does fox tv react to being locked on the set? >> they love it. rupert loves it. powerful people seem to love the humanizing effect of persuading the public they have a sense of humor. i am reminded of george w. bush joking for the search of wmd said the correspondents' dinner. i personally, when i see powerful people showing off their sense of humor on hide under the bed. but that's just me. fox is perfectly fine with it and rupert is perfectly fine with it. they think it's great for business. >> at the 1992 republican national convention, president nh w. bush said we are going to keep trying to strengthen the
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american family to make them more like the waltons and less like the simpsons so 19 years later the simpsons has numerous books and even college class is i guess in its 22nd season now. how do you think they reflect the american family or does it? >> i will take that question and move a little bit to one side because of an observation i feel better making an observation and some conclusion based on my when it knowledge of american families. when the simpsons started, we were criticized by christian groups in particular. bart is a bad role model, they said, as if the lead character in each show is a good role model. 15 years later i played both ned flanders and reverend lovejoy, the christian directors on the
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show, and i found myself being interviewed for cover stories in christian magazines discovering after 15 years that this was the only show on american prime time television where a family regularly went to church and about christians as members of the cast. with that told me is it took an awful long time for certain people to discover the actual shape of the elephant. >> the questioner says the questioners on embraced the philosophy of bart simpson in sixth grade and still embraces it at age 28. [laughter] we don't know if he is still at home or not. what do you attribute that remarkable longevity? >> i think you fed him well. >> you mean the show. [laughter] >> well, first of all in all
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honesty, the fabulous, fabulous acting. [laughter] seriously, i think it's -- i will mention to factors i don't think it recognized often enough. number one, i would invite you to look for half a second if you can get any of the major or minor animated shows on television in the last 20 years, and i think maybe two of them visually tell you and have second would show they are. i would think of ren and stimpy and. it was that he couldn't draw very well, he said this, and he adopted this very iconic style he chose the color yellow which was the closest he could come to flash and he just chose the
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drawing style, visual drawing style for the show that is immediately recognizable that in the modern brands it on first and every site. and secondly and more significantly i think, again, not very well known. when fox first put the simpsons on fox was a fledgling network to say the least. you may recall it was on the uhf channels you have to attach a wider coat hanger to improve reception. [laughter] and so it was important for them to have the legitimacy of having of a well-known hollywood talent aboard, and jim brooks had a wonderful movie career and so he had the leverage to be able to say we will do the show no network interference, no creative interference by the network. and so for 22, now 23 years there has never been the time as far as i know where the network
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has told couldn't mr. burns be just a little bit less evil? up his que rating goblet? that doesn't happen with us. you think in a culture that is supposedly love and emulates success other television networks would try this little technique. but i remember four or five years ago adc was having a down period and then programming chief of adc was speaking to the advertisers at the up front luncheon and she said talking about the schedule we have a great slate of shows and we have a whole new layer of network supervision to ensure and i thought that will do well. so so much for emulating success. >> as a writer yourself or you tempted to work on the script or have you? >> no and no. i've been tempted, but the television vetting process is not conducive to me to the way i
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like to write. i like to write with maybe one or two chosen mutual the selected collaborators. the television process dictates you will be collaborating with 16 people you may have never met before in a room with a lot of cold pizza and something that has your name on it will probably two-thirds of it be written by somebody else. so, it works great for the show but it's not what i choose to do. >> a question about kent brockman. >> jester, kent brockman in the house. >> who if anyone to debate him on? someone's as he reminds the writer of the question of howard beal, the anchorman of the network, yes, and what goes through your head when you act as him? >> what goes through your head is supposed to be what goes to the character's head so in can't brock minn's, it's nothing. [laughter]
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too cheap, too easy. i kind of based him -- we were talking before -- we start to hear about the lastname and the fact that in the years past there were a number of people with similar names in the country. the hambrick brothers and i guess one or another of the hambrick rub off on kent. it seems to me there's a little bit of hambrick in all of us. [laughter] >> god bless you all. [laughter] >> with all of the projects you have worked on in your career which have you found to be the most rewarding? >> surely you don't speak financially. this is spinal tap. [laughter] it was four guys sitting around thinking of an idea banging on doors all over hollywood and getting a succession of
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rejections, finding one fluke that allowed the film to get made in a company that didn't want to really sit we kept hearing him guillotines slam behind us as we escapes the platform getting an out there having it become adopted and beloved by generations of audiences having the same people who told us we don't want to meet your movie the same individuals come running up after as eight years later and offer less money to make a sequel and getting to say no to them. [laughter] [applause] >> i think everybody loved the movie. and did you not say on david letterman or is it not true that is what people ask you to do most is a line from that movie as opposed to something else? >> it's sort of different. i can never tell what people -- people ask about the spinal tap, the simpsons, my radio show. the good thing about having the
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varied career is that it keeps you on your toes with the audience because as people come up to talk to you, you can't play in your head what you're going to say or anticipated isn't going to be the same over and over again. the other reward as we actually have been able to play nationwide and worldwide and don't let anybody ever told you it isn't fun to play some music loud. [laughter] >> someone asked did you write the songs on either a mighty wind or spinal tap? >> yes, we wrote a lot of the songs on mighty wind. and we all wrote the songs on spinal tap, mark, michael and i, myself were together writing the songs for that movie. that was a part of the fund. that was a movie we got to make from start to finish a totally handmade project. we were all involved in every facet of it beginning to end and as opposed to being part of the industrial process which a big
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bunch of movies or being part of the handmade process as well. >> i had to ask as i set it up in the introduction did mel blank play a role in characters? >> probably by osmosis. i worked on the jack benny program and mel blank was a member of the cast and he had a son of the same age as me and so it took a fatherly interest. i should point out in america not a fatherly interest as in the catholic church fatherly interest. [laughter] just a benignly paternalistic interest. but it was never a matter of he said here's how i did bugs and porkey was just being around a genius like that it rub off. >> we are almost out of time that before asking the last question, a couple of housekeeping matters to take care of, first of all for the audience and for you i would like to remind about our
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upcoming luncheon speakers the next one will go from here are today to the debt ceiling is april 6 and will be the commissioner of the irs. >> ah! >> we will make sure you are out of the building. >> please. i wasn't here. [laughter] >> april 19th, ted turner and t. boone pickens, he will discuss renewable energy, solar projects across the nation, climate change. mr. pickens will address the crusade to reduce the nation's dependence on opec which he regards as a threat to the u.s. economy, and the national security. now, -- >> ask them both for money. we could use it. >> welcome and our tradition here for every guest speaker is the truly token way to present you with the traditional coffee mug. thank you very much. [applause] and the final question of the day and that is we talked about his earlier, if kent brockman
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were with us today, how would he have reported on your speech? >> simpson's star ignores what most people want to hear about. details at 11. [laughter] [applause] >> thank you all for coming today. i would like to think the national press club staff including the library of our broadcast center for helping organize today's event and finally, here's a reminder you can find more information about the national press club on the website if you'd like to get a copy of today's program, check it out, at www.press.rg. thank you. br adjourned. [applause] [inaudible conversations]
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[inaudible conversations]
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>> this is an hour and 40 minutes. >> good, and welcome to the woodrow wilson international cementer for scholars, and thank you all for being patient while we had a fire alarm here. i don't think it was a drill, it was an alarm, you waiting outside, and coming back in. i really appreciate that. i'm director of the congress project here and your mod ray dore today. for those of you who are new to the center, and we do have not only in our audience about 40-50 people, but there's a live web cast and c-span coverage, so we are reaching a larger audience as

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